Glossary;Civil Engineering

  1. Docks- A dock is a long structure built over water where passengers can get on or off a boat. It is a place where goods can be put on and taken off
  2. Harbour- A harbour is an area of the sea at the sea coast which is partly enclosed by land or strong walls so that boats and ships can be left there safely
  3. Canals- A canal is a long, man-made strip of water used for irrigation or boat access to a bigger body of water.
  4. Channels- A channel is a passage for water or other liquids to flow along or a part of river or other water that is deep and wide enough to provide a route for ships to travel along.
  5. Dams- A dam is a wall built across a river which serves as a barrier that stops the river’s flow and collects the water
  6. Irrigation- this is the supply of water to land or crops to help growth typically by means of channels
  7. Highways- An highway is a main road, especially one connecting major cities or towns.
  8. Power Plants- A power plant is a complex of structures, machinery and associated equipment for generating electric energy from another source of energy such as nuclear reactions or a higher electric dam
  9. Water & Sewage Systems- This is a facility consisting of a system of sewers (a large pipe underground that is used for carrying waste water and human waste away from buildings) for carrying off liquid and solid sewage to a place where they can be safely got rid off.
  10. Tunnel- A tunnel is a long artificial underground passage made by people built through a hill or under a building, road, or river.
  11. Refinery- A refinery is a place for purifying substances such as petroleum or sugar, converting it to a form that is more useful
  12. Structure- A structure is a building or other objects constructed from several parts
  13. Facility- A facility is a place/something designed, built, installed to serve specific function. e.g. transportation facilities, educational facilities, a new research facility etc.
  14. Bungalow- A bungalow is a type of house that usually has only one storey sometimes with a smaller upper storey set in the roof and windows that come out from the roof
  15. Interchange- An interchange is a road junction that typically uses grade separation and one or more ramps (a sloping surface joining two different levels) to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without directly crossing any other traffic system
  16. Stack Interchange- This is a four-way interchange whereby a semi-directional left turn and a directional right turn are both available.


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